The last page of this volume contains a plug for another book of diagrams by the same publisher: Irish's Grammar and Analysis Made Easy and Attractive by Diagrams. Given the nature of the diagrams in Harvey's Grammar, I suspect that this diagram system was cribbed from Reed and Kellogg, with enough changes to avoid copyright problems.
Some sentences assert but one fact; others, more. Some assert an independent, or a principal proposition; others, a secondary, or qualifying proposition. Hence,
Prin. Sentences are distinguished as—
Prin. The office of a word in a sentence, determines its position in the diagram, according to the following
- The principal parts of a sentence are placed uppermost, and on the same horizontal line; as 1, 2, 3.
- The Subject of a sentence takes the first place; as 1.
- The Predicate is placed to the right of the subject—attached; as 2—7—11—26
- The Object is placed to the right of the predicate; as 3. The object of a phrase is placed to the right of the word which introduces the phrase; as 22 to the right of 21.
- A word, phrase, or sentence, is placed beneath the word which it qualifies; as 4 and 5 qualify I ~—(25, 26, x) qualify 22
- A word used to introduce a phrase, is placed beneath the word which the phrase qualities—having its object to the right and connecting both; as 15 connecting 12 and 16—21 connecting 3 and 22.
- A word used only to connect, is placed between the two words connected; as 10 between 7 and 11; and a word used to introduce a sentence, is placed above the predicate of the sentence, and attached to it by a line; as 0 above 2.
- A word relating back to an other word, is attached to the antecedent by a line; as 6 attached to 1, and x to 22.
OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE.
WORDS, PHRASES, AND SENTENCES ARE CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO
THEIR OFFICES, AND THEIR RELATION TO EACH OTHER.
A COMPLETE SYSTEM OF DIAGRAMS.
“Speech is the body of thought.”
BY S. W. CLARK, A. M.,
In the United States there are currently two major varieties of diagrams in use to represent sentence structure: traditional diagrams, used more or less exclusively in junior high school and high school classrooms, and tree diagrams, the most common method used by professional linguists.
Online Instruction in Grammar
Adverbs are characteristically used to modify verbs. That is, they perform the same function for verbs that adjectives do for nouns. And indeed, adjectives and adverbs are often closely related, but they do not appear in the same function: