Mixed Sentences

Time slept on flowers and lent his glass to hope.

Diagram 25

A mixed sentence.—Def. 30, b.

Time—Subject of “slept” and “lent.”
Slept } Predicates of “time.”
Glass—Object of “lent.”
Adjuncts. On flowers—Adjunct of “slept.”
His—Adjunct of “glass.”
To hope—Adjunct of “lent.”

fistLet the pupil apply the following sentences to the same diagram.

  1. We sign for change, and spend our lives for nought.
  2. We shall pass from earth, and yield our homes to others.
  3. William goes to school, and pursues his studies with diligence.
  4. James stays at home, and spends his time at play.
  5. Fruits ripen in autumn, and yield us rich repasts.
  6. Eagles build their nests on high, and watch for prey.
  7. Larks sing at dawn, and afford us much delight.

Vary the Adjuncts for the following.
“For spring shall return and a lover bestow.” Beattie.
“But the black blast blows hard,
And puffs them wide of hope.”
“Wreaths of smoke ascend through the trees, and betray the half hidden cottage.”
“Its little joys go out, one by one,
And leave poor man, at length, in perfect night.”
“In silence majestic they twinkle on high,
And draw admiration from every eye.”
“The waves mount up and wash the face of heaven.”

Diagram 26
For the angel of death spread his wings on the blast,
And breathed in the face of the foe as he passed.

A mixed sentence—complex.—Def. 30, b. and 33.

Angel—Subject of “spread” and “breathed.”
} Predicates of “angel.”
Wings—Object of “spread.”
The } Adjuncts of “angel.”
Of death
His—Adjunct of  “wings.”
On the blast—Adjunct of “spread.”
In the face of the foe } Adjuncts of “breathed.”
As he passed
As—Introduces an auxiliary sentence.
He—Subject of “passed.”
Passed—Predicate of “he.”

fistLet the principal parts of the same diagram be written on the black-board, and vary the adjuncts to the following sentences.

“He plants his footsteps in the sea,
And rides upon the storm”
The ravished eye casts its glance around on every side, and is never satisfied with gazing.
“That I might explore the records of remote ages, and become familiar with the learning and literature of other times.” Taylor
“But now a wave, high rising o’er the deep,
Lifts its dire crest—and, like a vengeful fiend,
Comes as a mountain on.”
“He leaps enclosures, bounds into the world.”—Young
“By that dread name, we wave the sword on high,
And swear for her to live—with her to die.”
“The moon in the east, now her crescent displays,
And adds to the grandeur of night.”

And the eyes of the sleepers waxed deadly and chill.”
Diagram 27
Compound sentence—intransitive.

{ Eyes—Subject of “waxed deadly [and] chill.”
Waxed deadly [and] chill—Predicate of “eyes.”
Adjuncts. { The } Adjuncts of “eyes.”
Of the sleepers
And, introduces an additional sentence Conj., 13.
The, limits “eyes,” Adj., 9.
Eyes, agent of “waxed deadly [and] chill,” Noun, 7.
Of, expresses relation of “eyes” [and] “sleepers,” Prep., 12.
The, limits “sleepers,” Adj., 9.
Sleepers, object of relation expressed by “of,” Noun, 7.
Waxed, expresses (with “deadly” [and] chill”) what is affirmed of “eyes,” Verb, 10.
Deadly, used in predication with waxed Adj., 9.
And, connects “deadly” [and] “chill,” Conj., 13.
Chill, used in predication with waxed, Adj., 9.

Additional Examples
“Age is dark and unlovely.”—Ossian.
“Now, therefore, be not grieved nor angry with yourselves.”
“Bloodless are these limbs and cold.”—Byron.
“How finely diversified, and how multiplied into many thousand distinct exercises, is the attention of God.”—Chalmers.
“I am perplexed and confounded.”
“They became agitated and restless.”
“The wares of the merchant are spread abroad in the shops, or stored in the high-piled warehouses.”
“Rude am I in speech, and little blest With the set phrase of peace.”
“What bark is plunging ’mid the billowy strife,
And dashing madly on to fearful doom.”